The Cairo Appeals Court for Urgent Matters overturned on 14 July the ruling that banned the leaders of former President Hosni Mubarak’s National Democratic Party (NDP) to participate in politics. They were then prevented from participating in the upcoming parliamentary elections which procedures will start by 18 July. The party had been dissolved by the Supreme Administrative Court after Hosni Mubarak, chairman of the party since 1981, was toppled in 2011.
On 3 June the Election Commission announced the results of the presidential elections: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi won 96.91% of the votes. On 26 and 27 May Egyptian voters could cast their ballots for the presidential elections. Because the turnout was low on the 26th, the government declared a national holiday on the 27th, which they hope leads to a higher turnout. In the end, 47% of the country’s 54 million people, voted. This percentage is lower than expected.
A criminal court in the south of Egypt has sentenced 37 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to death and recommended the death sentence for 682 others. Amongst the convicted is Muslim Brotherhood supreme guide, Mohamed Badie. Critics claim the mass sentencing is part of a crackdown on the movement that could trigger protests and political violence ahead of the presidential elections next month.
On April 14th a legal adviser of Abdel Fatah al-Sisi submitted 200.000 signatures in favour of al-Sisi’s presidential candidacy to the election commission, which is eight times the number required. Although al-Sisi’s election manifesto has not been published yet, he already enjoys support from these 200.000 persons.
Egypt’s army chief and Field Marshall, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, resigned as head of the military and defense minister to declare his candidacy for the Egyptian presidential elections. Sisi ousted Egypt’s first freely elected president, Mohammed Morsi, in July 2013 and is widely believed to win the presidential vote.
An Egyptian judge, in the town of Minya, sentenced 529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death on Monday 24 March. 16 suspects were acquitted. The court issued its ruling after only two sessions and defence lawyers said they had no chance to present their case. The ruling was the biggest mass death sentence handed out in Egypt’s modern history.
On 24 February the Egyptian government of interim Prime Minister Hazem El-Beblawi handed in its resignation to President Mansour. President Mansour asked El-Beblawi to run the government’s affairs until an new prime minister is selected. El-Beblawi gave no clear reason for his decision, but it is widely believed the cabinet made way for Army Chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to declare his candidacy for president, who was till now minister of defense.
Vorige week publiceerde Human Right Watch een rapport over de onmenselijke omstandigheden waar vluchtelingen uit Eritrea zich bevinden. In het afgelopen decennium zijn honderden Eritreërs in kampen in Soedan en Egypte maandenlang gemarteld en verkracht door mensensmokkelaars. Dit gebeurde vaak in samenwerking met de lokale Egyptische en Soedanese autoriteiten. De mensenhandelaren krijgen niet alleen geld voor het smokkelen, maar proberen via de martelingen ook geld los te krijgen van de familie van de vluchtelingen. In plaats van de vluchtelingen via Egypte en Libië naar Europa door te voeren, houden de smokkelaars hen vast in kampen en melden de ontvoeringen bij hun familie. Om ze sneller te laten betalen worden de vluchtelingen soms duidelijk hoorbaar over de telefoon gemarteld.
Leftist Egyptian politician Hamdeem Sabahi has announced that he will run for president of Egypt, making him the first candidate to officially enter the presidential race. Sabahi has regularly expressed his intention to run for president but waited till last Saturday, 8 February, to announce his decision. Sabahi will probably have to contest the popular Army Chief Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, who has not yet announced his candidacy.
Sinds de revolutie van 25 januari 2011 en de val van Hosni Moebarak is er veel gebeurd in Egypte. De Moslimbroederschap kwam na de eerste vrije verkiezingen aan de macht en een nieuwe grondwet werd aangenomen. Vervolgens werden de islamisten en president Mohammed Morsi van de Moslimbroederschap na ruim een jaar afgezet door het leger, werd er een tijdelijke regering gevormd en weer een nieuwe grondwet aangenomen. Ondertussen zijn er duizenden mensen omgekomen, met name in protesten tussen het leger en aanhangers van de Broederschap. Zij eisen dat de afgezette president Morsi wordt vrijgelaten en veroordelen wat zij noemen de “legercoup”.