On July 29, Tunisian Prime Minister Ali Laarayedh has called for early elections, in order to cease the unrest after the murder of legislator Mohamed Brahmi on July 25. The elections are to be held on December 17. The Tunisian opposition had been calling for the resignation of the Islamist led government, stating that the murder of Brahmi signaled the governments inefficiency of protecting its citizens. The social democratic party Ettakatol, one of the ruling Troika coalition partners, has joined opposition forces in calls for a ‘government of national unity’, that would replace the current government.
On July 24 the Egyptian First Deput Prime Minister and Minister of Defence General Abdel Fatah al-Sissi called on Egyptians for mass rallies on Friday Juli 26, to support the military efforts towards confronting terrorism and violence and to show support of what’s happening in the country. “Egyptians must take to the streets on Friday to give me the mandate to face violence and terrorism,” Sisi said.
The speech followed a deadly bombing of a security headquarter in the city Mansoura, in which one died and 27 officers and civilians were injured.
On 16 July it was announced on state television that interim President Adly Mansour swore in 33 mostly technocratic or liberal ministers. The interim government was installed after one of the most violent clashes between Morsi supporters and security forces this month. Army chief Gen Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who led the ousting of the former government, is becoming deputy prime minister next to his current position as defense minister. Economist Hazem el-Beblawi, who suspended his membership in the Social Democratic Party, is leading the new government as prime minister. Seven ministers held positions in the former government but none of them are Islamists.
On 10 July public prosecutor has ordered the arrest of Mohamed Badie, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood movement. He is accused of inciting the violence during a protest in Cairo that left at least 51 people killed. Other high level Brotherhood officials are already in detention while hundreds arrest warrants for other officials have been issued. The prosecutor’s order comes after violent clashes, and attempts by the newly named prime minster to form a government. On 9 July, namely, Egypt's interim head of state, Adli Mansour, named 76-year old economist and academic Hazem el Beblawi as interim prime minister. In 2011 el Beblawi was appointed deputy prime minister for economic affairs and finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle, after the removal of former president Mubarak. Mohamed el Baradei, who headed the National Salvation Front (NSF) until Morsi was deposed, was named as deputy president.
Een column van de Internationaal secretaris van de PvdA, Kirsten Meijer, over de politieke crisis in Egypte uitgesproken op de Egypte bijeenkomst op 9 juli georganiseerd door de FMS.
Dr. Mohamed Aboulghar, the Chairman of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party (ESDP) , held a meeting with the diplomatic representatives of France, the Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the EU to discuss the current events in Egypt and the Party’s position.
On July 2nd, the Egyptian army issued a 48 hour-ultimatum and warned that it will intervene if the ‘demands of the people are not met.’ A few hours later helicopters carrying huge Egyptian flags flew over the Egyptian capital and other cities. President Mohammed Morsi has rejected the ultimatum, saying it will only sow confusion. ‘Obviously we feel this is a military coup, but the conviction is that the coup won’t be able to move forward without American approval.’
On June 26 the Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi warned in a widely broadcasted speech that polarization was threatening the country’s democratic process. He also acknowledged he had made some ‘mistakes’, and offered opponents a say in amending the new constitution. The speech comes days before the planned massive demonstration on June 30, the day will mark a year since Morsi won the Presidential elections.
Between June 7th and June 9th the European Forum, in cooperation with the Alfred Mozer Stichting, the UK Labour Party and the Al-Sindyan Institute organized for the first time a Future Leaders Training for 24 young and promising participants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) in Amman, Jordan. The participants came from social democratic and left progressive parties from Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan.
Afgelopen weekend (31 augustus-1 september) reisden FMS trainers naar Tunesië om een training te geven aan de sociale democratische zusterpartij Ettakatol. De training werd georganiseerd in samenwerking met de Britse Labour Party. Namens de Labour Party gingen er twee trainers mee. Tunesië bereidt zich voor op verkiezingen, die momenteel gepland staan voor december. Ettakatol is alvast begonnen zich op deze verkiezingen zo goed mogelijk voor te bereiden. Daarom vroeg de partij ons om een campagnetraining te verzorgen voor campagneleiders en kandidaten.