On 3 June the Election Commission announced the results of the presidential elections: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi won 96.91% of the votes. On 26 and 27 May Egyptian voters could cast their ballots for the presidential elections. Because the turnout was low on the 26th, the government declared a national holiday on the 27th, which they hope leads to a higher turnout. In the end, 47% of the country’s 54 million people, voted. This percentage is lower than expected.
Armed forces stormed the Libyan parliament, the General National Congress (GNC) on 18 May, and demanded its suspension. Officials said the attackers killed two and wounded 55 people, while keeping at least 20 people hostage. The identity of the chaotic attackers was unclear, but loyalists of renegade general Khalifa Hafter claimed responsibility. By attacking the GNC, the gunmen directly challenged the legitimacy of the country’s central government which already struggles to gain authority over the country.
Last month WISE (World Information Service on Energy) published a report on uranium mining and its effects on the local population in Tanzania, Cameroon, and Mali. This week they have invited a delegation from these countries to present the report to various Dutch NGOs and politicians and to speak about the impact of uranium mining. Yesterday they visited the Foundation Max van der Stoel (FMS). Some of the main conclusions: “We need to benefit from our own resources.” And, “Uranium mining must not pollute our environment.”
On 5 May the head of Libya's parliament has confirmed that businessman Ahmed Maiteeq will be the country's new prime minister. Ahmed Maiteeq is Libya's fifth prime minister to be appointed in the past two and a half years. Maiteeq tried hard to win over sceptics by stressing his business credentials and his non-party background.
A criminal court in the south of Egypt has sentenced 37 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to death and recommended the death sentence for 682 others. Amongst the convicted is Muslim Brotherhood supreme guide, Mohamed Badie. Critics claim the mass sentencing is part of a crackdown on the movement that could trigger protests and political violence ahead of the presidential elections next month.
On April 14th a legal adviser of Abdel Fatah al-Sisi submitted 200.000 signatures in favour of al-Sisi’s presidential candidacy to the election commission, which is eight times the number required. Although al-Sisi’s election manifesto has not been published yet, he already enjoys support from these 200.000 persons.
The Libyan parliament, the General National Congress (GNC), has instructed interim Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thinni to form a new cabinet. Al-Thinni replaced former Prime Minister Ali Zeidan who was removed by parliament in March 2014. The new government faces a lot of difficulties, primarily with a haltering economy and a lot of political unrest.
Afgelopen donderdag, 27 maart, debatteerde de Tweede Kamer met minister Ploumen voor Buitenlandse Handel en Ontwikkelingssamenwerking over de Meerjarige Strategische Plannen (MJSP’s). In deze MJSP’s worden de plannen van de Nederlandse ambassades voor de vijftien OS-partnerlanden en voor de Grote Meren regio en de Hoorn van Afrika verder uitgewerkt. Het werd een stevig debat, waarin Roelof van Laar (PvdA) beleidscoherentie sterk onder de aandacht bracht.
The Arab Summit took place on 25 and 26 march in Kuwait, where 22 members attended.
Egypt’s army chief and Field Marshall, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, resigned as head of the military and defense minister to declare his candidacy for the Egyptian presidential elections. Sisi ousted Egypt’s first freely elected president, Mohammed Morsi, in July 2013 and is widely believed to win the presidential vote.