Nieuws over politieke trainingen en ontwikkelingen in Oost- en Zuidoost Europa, de Kaukasus, Afrika en het Midden Oosten
The Russian chief prosecutor's office examined whether the Soviet Union acted legally when it recognised the Baltic states' independence in 1991. A source related to the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office, accepted an enquiry previously made by two members of the Russian Duma (parliament) - Anton Romanov, and Yevgeny Fyodorov; both members of President Vladimir Putin's United Russia party. In their letter, Fyodorov and Romanov, said the 1991 decision to recognise Baltic independence had been taken "by an unconstitutional body". The State Soviet was an interim assembly formed in September 1991, and comprised the Soviet president and the leaders of 10 of the country's republics. But the Soviet Constitution allowed no provisions for the creation of such a body. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Wednesday that the move had not come from the Kremlin "We were not familiar with this initiative in the Kremlin, and I am struggling to understand the essence of it," he told reporters. Even though, the Russian Prosecutor General's Office decided these claims have no legal grounds, it has raised strong reactions among Baltic states and their allies.
Sinds 19 juni wordt er geprotesteerd in de Armeense hoofdstad Yerevan en sinds 22 juni gebeurt dit non-stop: demonstranten blijven dag en nacht op straat, spelen muziek en maken schoon onder het toeziend oog van de ME. Een poging om ze uiteen te drijven heeft er alleen toe geleid dat zich nóg meer mensen bij het protest aansloten. Buitenlandse media vergeleken de protesten al snel met de Oekraïnse Maidan, iets waar de demonstranten niet blij mee zijn. Via alle mogelijke kanalen laten ze de wereld weten: dit is geen revolutie, we zijn niet uit op een Maidan.
Under the hashtag ElectricYerevan Armenian protestors today have continued what is one of the largest protests in Armenia’s capital in recent years. A day earlier over 200 protestors and journalists were arrested as they were marching towards the presidential palace, which the police tried to prevent by forming a barricade on one of Yerevan’s main roads, Baghramyan avenue.
Last weekend (18-21 June) the second seminar of the Course for Promising Politicians (CPP) was held in Tirana, Albania. The seminar on regional cooperation focused on the interrelationships in the Western Balkan states, and on how cooperation between the countries can enhance regional stability and encourage regional growth. Over the course of three days, 27 young politicians followed several workshops on this topic.
The ruling coalition in the Federation of Bosnia (FBiH) has collapsed as one of the three parties, Democratic Front (DF), decided to quit the coalition. Personal issues, conflicting statements and short standing compromises have coloured the past few month’s cooperation between the three parties. The DF, a split-off of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) finally stumbled over a dispute over the appointment of managers for public companies and the regulation. The party opposed placing ministers in charge of appointments in public companies in fields under their responsibility.
In an open letter, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova, Chiril Gaburici, stated he will resign if the government refuses to replace the leaders of the General Prosecution, the National Bank, and the National Committee of Financial Market. The statement comes after a one billion dollar scandal raised public embarrassment on the government and national banks, followed by mass protests.
U.N.-sponsored peace negotiations between Libya’s officially recognized government and the rival government were resumed on Thursday 4 June. Politicians and activists negotiated on forming a unity government to end the power struggle between the two rival governments both stressing to be the official government of the country. Mediators fear the power struggle may turn Libya into a failed state when both groups continue to battle for control.
On 27 May Tunisian Prime Minister Habib Essid met with EU Foreign Affairs chief Federica Mogherini in Brussels to discuss the intensification of the cooperation between both countries. The talks mainly focused on the Horizon 2020 research program which will be opened for Tunisia, the financial increase in bilateral cooperation, and on advancing on a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA).
Three Moroccan men in northeastern Morocco have been accused of homosexuality and sentenced to three years in jail. In Morocco, homosexuality is illegal and can be punished by sentences up to three years in prison, according to article 489.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has oftentimes been in the media spotlight for his controversial remarks. From telling the New York Times to ‘know their place’ when they criticize him to claiming that ‘Muslims discovered America’, Erdoğan rarely manages not to make international headlines. With the general elections coming up in little more than a week, the Turkish president continues to do what he can in order to secure his goal.